14 February 2018

LJAWA, LJAFDE, LOV ~ beloved, love, laud

title page of T' Lof der vrouwen with Minerva and Fama,
by Cornelis van Dalen, Amsterdam 1643 (source)
This post demonstrates that the German and Dutch words Liebe and liefde are closer to the original word and meaning, than the English love (which originally meant laud, praise).

related words in various languages:

(dear, beloved - English)
lieb - German
lief - Dutch
leaf - Frisian
ljuv - Swedish
liaf - Old Frisian
liof - Old Saxon
leof - Old English
ljúfr - Old Norse
liufs - Gothic
lobha (desire) - Sanskrit
lubo - Polish

(laud, to laud - English)
lof, loven - Dutch
lof, love - Frisian
Lob, loben - German
lov, lova - Swedish
lof, lovia - Old Frisian

(love, to love - English)
Liebe, lieben/liebhaben - German
liefde, liefhebben - Dutch
leafde, leafhawwe/leavje - Frisian
liafte, liavia* - Old Frisian

*Note: The name Livia could be related.

varieties in the Oera Linda-book with fragment numbers (fragments below):
(dear, beloved: adjective)
Gable stone D' Liefde in Haarlem
LJAWA - 1 (3x), 2
LJAWE - 1, 19

(lovely, 'lovelike')
LIAFLIKA, LJAFLIKA - 13, 22

(as part of verb)
LÍAF HÀWA (to love/'have dear') - 3
IK HÀV LÍAF (I love/'have dear') - 11
HÉDON EKKÔRUM LÍAF KRÉJEN (had fallen in love/'gotten each other dear') - 10
HÉDE HJA LJAF KRÉJEN (had fallen in love with her/'gotten her dear') - 20

(love: noun)
LÍAFTE, LJAFTE - 4, 5
LJAFDE - 6, 8, 9, 15, 21
LIAFDE, LÍAFDE, LIAVDE - 7, 12, 14
LJAVDE - 16, 18
LJAVADE - 17

(derived: grain name)
LJAVER - 23

(varieties of LOV: laud)
LOV.SPRÉKA, LOV.SPRÉKE (ode/'lovespeach' - 24, 28
LOVE TO SWIKA (to laud) - 25
KÉTHON LOVE (lauded/'proclaimed laud') - 29
LOVLIK (laudable) - 26
LOV (laud: noun) - 27

OLB fragments with new provisional translations:



1 [00b/01]
LJAWA ERVNÔMA. VMB VSA LJAWA ÉTHLA.S WILLE ÀND VMB VSA LJAWA FRYDOM.S WILLE, THVSAND WÁRA SÁ BIDD.IK TO JO. OCH LJAWE
Dear heirs, For our beloved ancestors' sake, and for the sake of our precious freedom, a thousand times I beg you — oh dear

2 [00b/17]
OCH LJAWA IK HÀV BI THAM ET HOVE WÉST
My dear ones! I have visited their palace

3 [008/14]
HJU WILDE THAT EK HJA LÍAF HÀWA SKOLDE
she desired to be loved by all (lit. 'that each should love her')

4 [010/03]
THÀT ÔTHERA WAS LÍAFTE TO DÜGED
the second was love of virtue

5 [023/05]
THJU LJAFTE SINRA KÀMPONA MOT SIN SKÍLD WÉSA
the love of his champions [must be] his shield

6 [033/31]
HWAT IK URVEN HÀV IS LJAFDE VR WISDOM. RJUCHT ÀND FRYDOM.
What I inherited is love of wisdom, justice and freedom.

7 [072/26]
THAT HJU THA INHÉMAR SÁ FÜL LIAFDE BIWÉSEN HÉDE
because she had shown the natives so much affection

8 [080/19]
LJAFDE NE KV NÉN STEK LÔNGER NAVT FINDA ÀND ÉNDRACHT RUN ÉWÉI.
Love became homeless (lit. 'could no longer find a place') and unity deserted.

9 [084/11]
MEN FRYDOM. LJAFDE ÀND ÉNDRACHT SKILET FOLK IN HJARA WÁCH NÉMA
But freedom, love and unity will strengthen the folk

10 [088/02]
THÉR THRVCH HÉDON HIA EKKÔRUM LÍAF KRÉJEN ÀND NW WILDON HJA ÁK GÁDATH WERTHA
which had caused them to love each other and so they wished to marry

11 [088/09]
NÉIDAM IK APOL NW LÍAF HÀV BOPPA ELLA IN WRALDA
Since I love Apol more than anything else in the world

12 [088/20]
BLIKBÉR TRVCH ALLE STÁTHA MITH LÍAFDE ÀND TRJVW
apparently with the support (lit. 'love and loyalty') of all districts

13 [094/05]
THISSE OVER.FULDE LUFT MITH SINA LIAFLIKA ÁDAM
that spread a lovely fragrance (lit. 'filled the air with its lovely breath')

14 [104/10]
THÁ GVNG WRALDA TO ÀND WROCHTE IN HJRA MOD NIGUNG ÀND LIAVDE ANGGOST ÀND SKRIK
Then Wralda wrought in her conscience intuition and love, anxiety and fright

15 [133/29]
THÁ KÉM LJAFDE ÀND ÀFTERNÉI SEND WI MAN ÀND WIF WRDEN
That is how we came to fall in love (lit. 'then love came') and subsequently become man and wife

16 [137/12]
FALXE SKÔM. THER ALLERWÉIKES KVAD DVAT AN THA LJAVDE
false shame, which inevitably harms love

17 [137/20]
BI MÉNA WILLA JEF UT LJAVADE
at common will or with love

18 [137/24]
HWÉR NID AN KLÍWATH ÀND LJAVDE FON FLJUTH
to which envy sticks and from which love flees

19 [155/12]
EN ÉLLE LJAWE FÁM INVPPER BURCH
a very lovely maiden at the burg

20 [155/18]
A.DEL HÉDE HJA LJAF KRÉJEN ÀND HJU HÉDE A.DEL LJAF
Adel had fallen in love with her, and she loved him

21 [160/15]
LJAFDE IS FLJUCHT ÀND HORDOM SIT MITH NÍD AN TÉFEL
Love has fled and whoredom shares a table with envy

22 [167/21]
OFWIXLATH MITH LJAFLIKA STRÉKA
varied by lovely areas

"When Venus comes..." plate from Friesche Lust-hof by Jan Starter (1621)

related (grain name):

23 [047/11]
AMONG THA GÀRS.SÉDUM HÉDON WI NAVT ALENA. KÉREN. LJAVER ÀND BLÍDE
Among the grains, not only did we have ‘selected’, ‘preferred’ and ‘favourite’

fragments with LOV, LOVE:

24 [091/09]
LOV.SPRÉKA OVIR MIN MÀM
an ode to my mother

25 [092/01]
HWANA KVMTET WÉI THÀTSTER SOKKE HÁGE LOVE TO SWIKTH.
why do you praise her so much?

26 [092/19]
THÀT IS LOVLIK.
That is admirable indeed.

27 [095/20]
THÉRE BURCHFÁM.S LOV
Ode to the burgmaiden

28 [097/23]
HWÉR.FON IN THA LOV.SPRÉKE MELD WÀRTH
mentioned in the ode

29 [154/08]
THA JONGA FÁMNA KÉTHON SINA LOVE
the young maidens praised him

(The verb MINNA also means 'to love' and will be analysed later.)

12 February 2018

Did Cornelis Over de Linden hide something?

Cornelis Over de Linden (1811-1874)
In various reports of how he had obtained the manuscript (MS),(1) Cornelis Over de Linden claims to have been given them as a surprise by his aunt Aafje in 1848, when he visited her in Enkhuizen. This is in conflict with two witness accounts, which may have been a reason to doubt his overall credibility. In this post I will first explain the conflicting accounts and then reconstruct a more credible version of what really happened.

Conflicting accounts

1. Jacob Munnik (husband of Cornelis' stepdaughter: Plate 1) reported in 1876 that he had joined Cornelis in an earlier failed attempt to obtain the MS in 1845.(2) This suggests that Cornelis did know about the manuscript earlier, and actively had tried to obtain it.

2. Hajo Last (Plate 3 and 4) wrote in 1934(3) that his colleague carpenter Hein Kofman (Plate 2) had told him that Cornelis had stolen the MS from his mother, Cornelis' cousin, Kee Kofman-Reuvers, who indeed lived in the house where earlier her mother Aafje Reuvers-Over de Linden lived, which had also been (near?) the house of Cornelis' grandfather Andries Over de Linden (Oude or Nieuwe Rietdijk, Enkhuizen - Plate 5). Since Kofman was born in 1853 - five years after Cornelis obtained it - he cannot have witnessed the stealing himself, but will probably have heard this from his mother. If Cornelis had spoken the full truth (that his aunt Aafje had voluntarily given to him), or if he had altogether lied and the MS would be a forgery, this account would not make any sense.

Reconstruction

To prevent the MS from falling in the wrong hands, its keeper would only initiate a very limited number of people. Only people that he deemed trustworthy would be explained the content, perhaps even taught the script and language. What was more openly talked about though, was the ancient or noble Frisian descent. Grandfather Andries Over de Linden (1759-1820) would have told Cornelis (1811-1874) about this when the latter was still a child. Cornelis' father Jan (1785-1835) is witnessed (by Cornelis Wijs in 1876) to have talked like that in 1831.

Andries may have intended to initiate his grandson when the latter was old enough and if he was serious and intelligent enough, but this never happened as the child was only 9 years old when the grandfather died. Instead, he will have initiated his future son in law, Hendrik Reuvers (1796-1845), who already had a child with Aafje Over de Linden, Andries' youngest daughter, who lived with her parents and would stay living in the parental house after their death. This child was Cornelia or 'Kee', born in 1818, named after Hendrik's mother and officially accepted as his daughter at the marriage of Aafje and Hendrik in 1821. (Having children before marriage happened significantly often in the whole extended family, as I have discovered studying the genealogy or 'parenteel'.)

Hendrik may well have been a friend of the family even before he became the fiance of Aafje. At the very last he must have known Aafje from December 1817, when she became pregnant of Cornelia. Andries died April 1820. This (or longer) would have been enough time to initiate Hendrik.

Hendrik may have intended to initiate his nephew Cornelis, but the latter left Enkhuizen, probably long before he got married in 1833 and may later not have had the right attitude for it (yet). Perhaps Hendrik once tried to introduce the topic, with the result that Cornelis insisted on immediately taking the MS with him (being an Over de Linden, while Reuvers was not), which would have resulted in a quarrel after which they no longer talked and Cornelis would have to wait till Hendrik's death (1845) before he would try once more to get hold of the MS. This would be in agreement with Cornelis' account, where he states that his uncle would not allow him to have it.

However, Hendrik did have the opportunity to initiate both his son Andries Reuvers (1820-1857), married to the Frisian Siebregtje Schanstra in 1843, and his son in law Rijkent Kofman (1820-1861), married to Kee Reuvers (1818-1878), see Plate 6. The Kofman family took over the parental house and their youngest son Hein Kofman (1853-1933) would later have claimed that Cornelis had stolen the MS. Remarkably, their eldest son Jacob Kofman (1843-1911) would later become clergyman of the Apostolic church in Enkhuizen, while their youngest daughter Catharina Kofman (1875-1913) would marry an Over de Linden (from another branch than that of Cornelis) in 1898. Hardly coincidentally, so would Neeltje de Jong (1898-?), a great-granddaughter of Andries Reuvers (Plate 7).

The Reuvers and Kofman families may have decided not to attract any public attention and not to accuse Cornelis of anything. Note that Hajo Last only wrote the newspaper shortly after Hein Kofman (who had told him about the MS having been stolen) had died. He may have kept this secret but not wanted to take it in his grave himself.

All this would explain the inconsistencies and suspicious details in Cornelis' account of how he got the MS in his possession. Also, if the missing pages still exist, this post might provide some helpful clues to answer the question: who may have had them and where could they be now?

Plate 1: relationship between Cornelis Over de Linden and Jacob Munnik
Plate 2: relationship between Cornelis Over de Linden and Hein Kofman

Plate 3: explaining possible relationship between Anna Goemaat and Hajo Last (see appendix below for details)

Plate 4: Hajo Last and his father in 1874 report death of Anna Goemaat, mother of Cornelis Over de Linden


Plate 5: Oude and Nieuwe Rietdijk in Enkhuizen, where Over de Linden, Reuvers and Kofman families lived respectively
Plate 6: From Over de Linden to Reuvers to Kofman and back to Over de Linden (source)

Plate 7: Two descendants of 'aunt Aafje' and Hendrik Reuvers marry back into the Over de Linden family (sources here and here).


- - - - references - - - -
(1) Jensma, Goffe, De Gemaskerde God (2004) pp. 236-241.
(2) Beckering Vinckers, J., Wie heeft het Oera-Linda-Boek geschreven (1876) pp. 31-32.
(3) Enkhuizer Courant (letter to the editor) 9-1-1934, paraphrased in Molenaar, E. Het Geheimzinnige Handschrift van de Familie Over de Linden (1949) p. 11.


- - - - appendix: Last and Goemaat family- - - - 

Genealogy Goemaat (in Dutch): see blogpost

Notes on Speeleveld Last family (in Dutch):

(I) Klaas Speeleveld, geb. 1748 Vlaardingen, ovl. 11-2-1825 Enkhuizen;
geh.
Magteltje/Magdalena van Galen, geb. 1752 Vlaardingen, ovl. 23-6-1827 Enkhuizen.
Kinderen:
  1. Metje Speeleveld, ged. 15-5-1785 Vlaardingen ==>> zie (II)
  2. Hendrik van Galen Speeleveld, geb. 1786, ovl. 24-2-1814 Enkhuizen
  3. Anna Speeleveld, geb. 1790 Vlaardingen, ovl. 16-4-1860 Enkhuizen; geh. 21-5-1815 Enkhuizen Johannes Horneer, geb. 1784 Gorinchem, ovl. 18-10-1856 Enkhuizen, chirurgijn, z.v. Arie Horneer en Johanna Margaretha Bax
  4. Maria Speeleveld, geb. 1796 Vlaardingen, ovl. 11-7-1865 Enkhuizen

(II) Aldert Last, geb. 21-2-1788 Enkhuizen, ovl. 20-2-1876 Enkhuizen, z.v. Jan Aldertsz Last en Geertje Harmens van den Berg;
geh. 21-5-1815 Enkhuizen
Metje Speeleveld, ged. 15-5-1785 Vlaardingen, ovl. 11-4-1842 Enkhuizen, d.v. Klaas Speeleveld en Magteltje van Galen
Kinderen:
  1. Jan Last, geb. 1816 Enkhuizen, ovl. 19-5-1886 Enkhuizen, koperslager; geh. (1) 7-6-1840 Enkhuizen Albertje Ossen, geb. 1814 Enkhuizen, ovl. 27-3-1841 Enkhuizen, d.v. Albert Ossen en Pietertje Degelink; geh. (2) 27-8-1843 Enkhuizen Hijlkje Atsma, geb. 1812 Enkhuizen, ovl. 23-5-1899 Enkhuizen, dienstbode, d.v. Hijlke Harmens Atsma en Geertje Dirks Faber.
  2. Klaas Speeleveld Last, geb. 17-8-1817 Enkhuizen ==>> zie (III)
  3. Hendrik van Galen Last, geb. 1819 Enkhuizen, ovl. 23-8-1896 Muiden; geh. (1) 18-7-1842 Terschelling Anna Margreta Kleersnijder, geb. 1820 Menkeweer, d.v. Sikko Kleersnijder en Elizabeth Jacobs Boelens; geh. (2) 28-8-1853 Muiden Eppie Jansje van der Weijden, geb. 1830 Muiden, ovl. 9-2-1898 Muiden, dienstbode, d.v. Lucas van der Weijden en Trijntje Waasdorp.
  4. Geertje Last, geb. 1820 Enkhuizen; geh. 10-5-1855 Enkhuizen Jan Fredrik Drughorn, geb. 1816 Amsterdam, turfkoper, z.v. Hendrik Drughorn en Kuntje Spijker, wedr. Kaatje Compas.
  5. Magdalena Last, geb. 1822 Enkhuizen, ovl. 1-3-1890 Enkhuizen.
  6. Margrieta Last, geb. 1824 Enkhuizen, ovl. 25-3-1883 Enkhuizen.


(III) Klaas Speeleveld Last, geb. 17-8-1817 Enkhuizen, ovl. 19-10-1892 Enkhuizen, metselaar, z.v. Aldert Last en Metje Speeleveld;
geh. 20-5-1838 Enkhuizen
Antje Solkes(z), geb. 8-5-1814 Enkhuizen, ovl. 24-12-1903 Enkhuizen, d.v. Solke Hajosz en Klaasje de Vries
Kinderen:
  1. Klaasje Last, born 1839 Enkhuizen, ovl. 23-8-1922 Enkhuizen; geh. 3-5-1866 Enkhuizen Jan Bloemendaal, geb. 1842 Enkhuizen, kuiper, z.v. Maarten Bloemendaal en Willemijntje de Wit. 
  2. Metje Last, born 1839 Enkhuizen, ovl. 4-11-1916 Enkhuizen; geh. 21-9-1871 Enkhuizen Jan Gerrit Geus, geb. 1840 Amsterdam, ovl. 17-1-1915 Enkhuizen, kantoorbediende, z.v. Johannes Geus en Alijda Dingel.
  3. Aldert Last, born 1842 Enkhuizen, ovl. 14-9-1923 Enkhuizen, metselaar: geh. 1-6-1865 Enkhuizen Maria Karemaker, born 1840 Enkhuizen, ovl. 6-9-1914 Enkhuizen, d.v. Rijkent Karemaker en Kaatje Compas. 
  4. Solke Last, born 1844 Enkhuizen, ovl. 11-5-1937 Bussum, timmerman; geh. 30-9-1870 Haarlemmermeer Isa Jacoba van Opstall, geb. 1847 Hooge en Lage Zwaluwe, ovl. 29-4-1923 Schoten, d.v. Jacobus Marinus van Opstall en Maria Wesdijk.
  5. (Hajo, born 1846 and ovl. 13-5-1847 Enkhuizen)
  6. Geertje Last, geb. 1848 Enkhuizen, ovl. 2-11-1922 Enkhuizen.
  7. Hajo Last, geb. 17-2-1850 Enkhuizen ==>> zie (IV)
  8. Dirk Last, geb. 1851 Enkhuizen, metselaar; geh. 20-5-1878 Enkhuizen Hilligje Vos, geb. 1851 Meppel, ovl. 13-1-1931 Bussum, d.v. Klaas Vos en Lamberta Molenaar.
  9. Johanna Katharina Cornelia Last, geb. 1855 Enkhuizen, ovl. 14-7-1936 Bloemendaal; geh. 27-11-1879 Amsterdam Pieter Elias van der Werff, geb. 1845 Bloemendaal, ovl. 31-8-1916 Bloemendaal, tuinier, z.v. Gerrit van der Werff en Maria Paust.
  10. Jan Last, geb. 1860 Enkhuizen, timmerman; geh. 17-2-1886 Amsterdam Johanna de Boo, geb. 1864 Haarlemmermeer, dienstbode, d.v. Willem de Boo en Bastiaantje Bestman.


(IV) Hajo Last, geb. 17-2-1850 Enkhuizen, ovl. 15-7-1938 Bussum, timmerman (NB nam in 1876 huis over van wijlen Adrianus Over de Linden en Petronella Heiman);
geh. 3-8-1876 Enkhuizen
Elisabeth Duijvensz, geb. 8-6-1852 Enkhuizen, ovl. 7-8-1929 Enkhuizen, d.v. Cornelis Duijvensz en Jansje Lodewijks
Kinderen:
  1. Klaas Last, geb. 19-8-1878, vertr. naar Amsterdam 1896
  2. Cornelis Last, 29-3-1880
  3. Aldert Jan Last, geb. 9-7-1882
  4. (Johan Lodewijk, geb. 1885 en ovl. 20-3-1886 Enkhuizen)
  5. (Cornelia Johanna, geb. 23-10-1887 en ovl. 10-3-1902 Enkhuizen)
  6. Johan Last, geb. 2-8-1889 Enkhuizen, meubelmaker; geh. 12-5-1921 Amsterdam Hendrika Catharina Hofman, geb. 1890 Amsterdam, d.v. Johannes Hofman en Maria van Eersel
  7. Hajo Last, geb. 19-2-1894 Enkhuizen, kantoorbediende; geh. 11-12-1919 Amsterdam Roelofje Schilstra, geb. 1900 Amsterdam, d.v. Ale Schilstra en Hielkje Jager

09 February 2018

Oera Linda on Red Ice TV


Henrik Palmgren from Red Ice TV speaks with Dr. Siobhán Higgins-Welter and Jan Ott about the Oera Linda-book.

Refences will be listed her, for example:

 0:36:30 Wheel remains  in Römisch-Germanische Museum in Köln (Cologne).

 0:52:20 Paper waterlines in 12 th century Arab-Spanish paper as compared to those in OLB paper.

 1:23:00 Dares Freson in "Story of England" by Robert Mannyng of Brunne, 1338 CE.


(add video time) Neptune and "nephew"varieties in other languages: blog post

01 February 2018

Oera Linda on Red Ice TV ~ Announcement and Illustrations


Coming up soon!

Subscribe to Red Ice's Youtube channel, or visit the website.

Some of the following illustrations (and more) may be used and explained in the interview:

Tribes, 'Celtic and Germanic spread' 50 BC by Kessler, 'The History Files' (source)




archaeology-based reconstruction of 900 BCE woman (see blogpost)

the coastal areas from Flanders to Denmark have suffered many floods in history

Frisian medieval archaeological finds
Cornelis Over de Linden (1811-1874) owner of the manuscript from 1848 till his death
Dr. J.G. Ottema (1804-1879), first translator, researcher and advocate of the OLB

Cornelis Over de Linden had the manuscript in his possession from 1848, but the oral tradition about it (and perhaps the missing parts?) was possibly passed down along a different line of the family (marked red) - I will explain and discuss this in a future video
7th century silver bowl found in the Netherland in 2013 (see blogpost)
celebration of imagined German ancient culture at the "Tag der Deutschen Kunst", München,late thirties

6-spoke wheels carrying the remains of Reinhard Heydrich (1904-1942) - Heinrich Himmler significantly referred to Wralda at memorial ceremony (see blog post)
fragment of golden cauldron made for the ϟϟ (see blog post)

Julleuchter or Yule lantern: Yuletide gift to ϟϟ families

from booklet (1935) made for ϟϟ families (blog post)
1941 design of Wewelsburg castle area
source Frans J. Los (1972) Die Ura Linda Handschriften als Geschichtsquelle

Baltic "ard al magus" (Land of Magus) on copy of 12th century Al-Idrisi map (blog post)

21 January 2018

Genealogy Goemaat

The mother of Cornelis over de Linden was Anna Goemaat (1784-1874). This is the genealogy of her family (Dutch).

Vlaardingen ca. 1670 (crop) - source

(I) Cornelis

zoon:
  1. Arij Goemaat ==>> (II)

(II) Arij Cornelisz Goemaat, geb. Ooltgensplaat, begr. 12-1690 Vlaardingen, schipper, poorter Vlaardingen 13-5-1649;
tr.
Ariaentge Huijgens,
Kinderen:
  1. Arie Arijensz, ged. 6-10-1647 Vlaardingen
  2. Commertge Goemaat, ged. 29-8-1649 Vlaardingen, begr. 1-1728 Vlaardingen; tr. Abraham Arentsz (den) Draeck => (2 knd.)
  3. Maertge Goemaat, geb. ca. 1651, begr. 7-1693 Vlaardingen; otr. 20-10-1674 Vlaardingen Huich Peijensz Zeeman => (7 knd.)
  4. Huijgh Goemaat, geb. ca. 1653; otr. 29-8-1677 Vlaardingen Annetje Jans van Bremen
  5. Cornelis Goemaat, geb. ca. 1655 ==>> (III)
  6. Abram Goemaat, ged. 8-2-1662 Vlaardingen, begr. 9-1717 Vlaardingen, schipper, hoofdman schippersgilde (1694-1698)


(III) Cornelis Arijensz Goemaat, geb. ca. 1655, begr. 6-1713 Vlaardingen, voogd 1686 over kind van zus Commertje en 1692 over 4 knd. van zus Maertje;
otr. 1678 Vlaardingen
Maertje Laurens, begr. 3-1724 Vlaardingen.
Kinderen (5, tussen 1681 en 1689):
  1. (Pieter, ged. 27-8-1681 Vlaardingen)
  2. Neeltje, ged. 18-8-1683 Vlaardingen
  3. Jannetje, ged. 10-10-1685 Vlaardingen
  4. (Pieter, ged. 24-11-1686 Vlaardingen)
  5. Pieter Goemaat, ged. 23-2-1689 Vlaardingen ==>> (IV)


(IV) Pieter Cornelisz Goemaat, ged. 23-2-1689 Vlaardingen, begr. 8-1747 Vlaardingen;
otr. 6-5-1719 Vlaardingen
Barber Jans Voshol/ Fasol, ged. 22-7-1696 Vlaardingen, d.v. Jan Doens Voshol en Maria Jans van Aedt (meer voorouders bekend);
Kinderen (8, tussen 1720 en 1736):
  1. Maria/ Marijtje Goemaat, ged. 17-1-1720 Vlaardingen, ovl. na 1792; otr. 26-7-1749 Vlaardingen Hannes Batram/ Johannes Baerterham/ Bateram/ Boterham/ Baaterom,(dochter Cornelia, ged. 11-4-1765 Rotterdam, get. Cornelia Goemaat; tr. (1) 24-6-1788 Rotterdam ("Bateram") Cornelis van Dijk; tr. (2) 1-4-1793 Rotterdam Cors Besemer)
  2. Neeltje, ged. 12-10-1721 Vlaardingen
  3. (Kornelis, ged. 7-2-1723 Vlaardingen)
  4. (Jan, ged. 24-12-1724 Vlaardingen)
  5. Cornelia Goemaat, ged. 5-3-1727 Vlaardingen, doopgetuige in 1779
  6. Jannetje Goemaat, ged. 17-9-1730 Vlaardingen; otr. 9-5-1760 Vlaardingen Abraham Verhel,
  7. Jan, ged. 13-6-1734 Vlaardingen
  8. Cornelis Pietersz. Goemaat, ged. 26-8-1736 Vlaardingen ==>> (V.8)

Vlaardingen ca. 1780 (crop) - source

(V.8) Cornelis Pietersz. Goemaat, ged. 26-8-1736 Vlaardingen, ovl. 11-6-1808 Enkhuizen (Noorderhavendijk, 72 jaar), z.v. Pieter Cornelisz Goemaat en Barber Jans Voshol;
tr. 1-4-1771 Vlaardingen (jm/jd)
Lena Romers/ Elena Roemers, geb. 1747, ovl. 20-1-1809 Enkhuizen (impost 26-1, Noorder Havendijk, 61 jaar).
Kinderen:
  1. Barbara Goemaat, ged. 15-12-1771 Vlaardingen==>> (VI.1)
  2. Maria, ged. 27-6-1773 Vlaardingen (get. "Lena en Cornelis Goemaat")
  3. (Maggiel, geb. 19-7-1775 Vlaardingen (get. Pieternella van Ees? en Maartje van der Pijl)
  4. Maghiel Goemaat/ Michiel Goedmaat, ged. 13-10-1776 Vlaardingen (get. Pieternella van Es) ==>> (VI.4)
  5. Jannetje Goemaat, ged. 8-8-1779 Vlaardingen (get. Abraham Verhel en Cornelia Goemaat) ==>> (VI.5)
  6. Pieter Goemaat/Goedmaat, ged. 30-12-1781 Vlaardingen (get. Pieternella van Es) ==>> (VI.6)
  7. Anna Goemaat, ged. 27-8-1784 Enkhuizen get. Japikje Landmans, ovl. 26-11-1874 Enkhuizen; tr. 11-5-1806 Enkhuizen Jan Over de Linden (1785-1835) => (zie parenteel Jan over de Linden)
  8. (levenloos geboren kind, begr. 4-11-1788 Enkhuizen; impost 3:-:-, Noorderhavendijk)

=== generatie 6 (tante en oom van Cornelis)


(VI.1) Barbara Goemaat, ged. 15-12-1771 Vlaardingen, ovl. 20-8-1819 Cillaarshoek, tapster;
tr. (1) 6-2-1803 Vlaardingen
Jean de Lannoij/ Lannooij, ged. 26-5-1776 Vlaardingen, ovl. 29-3-1811 (begr. 2-4) Vlaardingen, arbeider, zeeman, kuiper, z.v. Jean Jacques de Lannoij en Willemina van der Linde;
tr. (2) 26-6-1816 Vlaardingen  
Hendrick Joannes Odijk, ged. 2-1-1773 Vlaardingen, zeeman, kuiper, z.v. Jasper Dircksz Odijk en Cornelia Willems van der Beek
Kinderen uit (1):
  1. Jan, ged. 17-7-1803 Vlaardingen
  2. (Leena, ged. 20-1-1805 Vlaardingen, ovl. 11-7-1820 Vlaardingen)
  3. (Cornelis, ged. 14-9-1806 en begr. 19-5-1807 Vlaardingen)
  4. Willemina de Lannooij, ged. 3-4-1808 Vlaardingen, lidm. 1825, vertr. met att. naar Den Helder 1829 (aldaar in bev. reg. 1830: dienstmeid v.e. Joodse koopman Jochem Manheim).
  5. (Kornelis, ged. 8-4-1810 en ovl. 18-1-1812 Vlaardingen)
  6. Jannetje de Lannooij, ged. 28-7-1811 Vlaardingen ==>> (VII.1.6)

(VI.4) Michiel/Maghiel Goemaat/Goedmaat, ged. 13-10-1776 Vlaardingen, ovl. 17-5-1846 Enkhuizen, visser;
tr.  (1) 14-6-1801 (jm/jd) Enkhuizen Jantje Hendriks (van der) Veen, afk. uit Enkhuizen;
tr. (2) 23-5-1819 Enkhuizen Pietertje Boot, geb. 1799 Enkhuizen, d.v. Barend Boot en Aaltje Pieters, wed. N.N.
Kinderen (1 t/m 3 uit 1e):
  1. Lena, ged. 8-11-1801 Enkhuizen get. Willempje Koops
  2. Hendrik, ged. 13-7-1804 Enkhuizen get. Ietske Damstra
  3. Grietje, ged. 2-11-1806 Enkhuizen
  4. Cornelis Goemaat/Goedmaat, geb. 1820 Enkhuizen, ovl. 14-5-1859 Soerabaija (In militair hospitaal. Behorende tot Z.M. stoomschip "Amsterdam"); tr. 24-10-1855 Rotterdam Carolina Blom, geb. 14-12-1828 Rotterdam, ovl. 27-12-1905 Rotterdam, d.v. Arie Blom en Heiltje Pieterse, hertr. 14-3-1860 Rotterdam Johannes Jacobus Stolk
  5. Theunisje Goemaat, geb. 12-7-1831 Enkhuizen => (VII.3.2)

(VI.5) Jannetje Goemaat, ged. (als "Jannetje Pieters") 8-8-1779 Vlaardingen, ovl. 5-8-1838 Vlaardingen, nettenbreister;
tr. 29-8-1802 (jm/jd) Enkhuizen
Johan/Jan Sentelaar/ Sentler (zoon Hendrik, ged. 23-2-1803 Enkhuizen (geb. 18-2), get. Geertje Mes), militair.
Geen kinderen bekend


(VI.6) Pieter Goemaat/Goedmaat, ged. 30-12-1781 Vlaardingen, ovl. 21-3-1871 Enkhuizen, visser;
tr. (1) 15-10-1809 Enkhuizen (jm/jd)  
Sijtje de Ringh, geb. 1789 Enkhuizen, ovl. 17-1-1843 Enkhuizen, d.v. Hendrik de Ringh en Janke Cornelis;
tr. (2) 26-11-1843 Enkhuizen  
Zwaantje de Bree, geb. 1806 Enkhuizen, ovl. 29-6-1867 Enkhuizen*, werkster, d.v. Gerrit de Bree en Reijnoutje Sent, wed. Thijs Geerdink (*aang. Jan over de Linden, stadsbode)
Geen kinderen bekend


=== generatie7 (volle nichten van Cornelis over de Linden)

19th century traditional garment of
Vlaardingen and Maassluis - source

(VII.1.6) Jannetje de Lannooij, ged. 28-7-1811 Vlaardingen, ovl. 9-5-1894 Rotterdam, lidm. 1829, vertr. met att. naar Amsterdam 1837, dienstbode;
tr. 11-8-1833 Enkhuizen
Wouter Bakker, geb. 1813 Enkhuizen, ovl. 11-11-1862 Rotterdam, dagloner, z.v. Luit Woutersz Bakker en Harmijntje Kwaad
Kinderen (Nieuwer Amstel, Rotterdam):
  1. (Barbara, geb. 1837 en ovl. 11-3-1838 Nieuwer-Amstel)
  2. (Hermiena, geb. 1838 of 1839 en ovl. 1-1-1841 Nieuwer-Amstel)
  3. Jannetje Bakker, geb. 1-8-1844 Rotterdam, ovl. 18-2-1922 Rotterdam
  4. (Barbera, geb. 5-10-1846 en ovl. 15-4-1849 Rotterdam)
  5. (Harmijntje, geb. 6-1-1849 en ovl. 5-4-1849 Rotterdam)
  6. Wouter Bakker, geb. 16-12-1849 Rotterdam; tr. 30-10-1872 Rotterdam Amerentia Alida van Staveren, geb. 1845 Rotterdam, ovl. 10-7-1898 Rotterdam, d.v. Christiaan van Staveren en Hendrina Cruijssifix (div. knd.)
  7. (Luijt Wouter, geb. 1-7-1852 en ovl. 6-10-1854 Rotterdam)
  8. Cornelis Bakker, geb. 19-1-1855 Rotterdam, ovl. 8-5-1922 Rotterdam; tr. 7-11-1877 Rotterdam Maria Zappeij, geb. 1855 Rotterdam, ovl. 22-12-1927 Rotterdam, d.v. Christiaan Willem Zappeij en Helena Maria van Platerink (div. knd.)

- - - nichten

(VII.3.2) Theunisje Goemaat, geb. 12-7-1831 Enkhuizen, ovl. 5-5-1886 Arnhem, won. Den Helder (1861), Texel (1863), beroep: 'binnenmoeder' (1886);
tr. (1) 4-9-1851 Den Helder
Willem de Vroome, geb. 14-3-1827 West-Graftdijk, ovl. 19-2-1880 Den Helder, Werkman, z.v. Willem de Vroome en Matje Honig;
tr. (2) 24-2-1881 Den Helder
Simon Bakker, geb. 5-4-1828 Texel, kleermaker, z.v. Klaas Bakker en Hendrikje Boon, wedr. Catharina Agatha Kramer
Geen kinderen bekend

16 January 2018

BUFLE: aurochs or wisents? ~ and: cow, bull, cattle, ox

Aurochs male (left) and female (right) reconstruction

At least till ca. 600 CE, aurochs still lived in what is now the Netherlands (source).

In his "Commentaries on the Gallic War" (chapter 6.28) of ca. 50 BCE, Julius Caesar wrote (translation W.A. MacDevitt 1915):
There is a third kind, consisting of those animals which are called uri. These are a little below the elephant in size, and of the appearance, colour, and shape of a bull. Their strength and speed are extraordinary; they spare neither man nor wild beast which they have espied. These the Germans take with much pains in pits and kill them. The young men harden themselves with this exercise, and practice themselves in this kind of hunting, and those who have slain the greatest number of them, having produced the horns in public, to serve as evidence, receive great praise. But not even when taken very young can they be rendered familiar to men and tamed. The size, shape, and appearance of their horns differ much from the horns of our oxen. These they anxiously seek after, and bind at the tips with silver, and use as cups at their most sumptuous entertainments.

Adel with drinking horn (in Winsemius 1622)

The modern English 'buffalo' has a different, more specific meaning than the old Dutch/German word, which will have referred to (wild?) bovines in general: aurochs or wisents (European bison)?

"Buffel" ca. 1600 (source)
"Bufalo" by Albrecht Dürer ca. 1560 (source)

Below the most relevant fragments concerning both domesticated and wild bovines are listed. Particularly, nrs. 9 and 11 are interesting in relation to Caesar's report about the 'uri'.

words and fragment numbers (modern cognates, see below)

Stier van het Noordhollandse
veeslag; Stier van het Friese
veeslag (kleigronden); Groningse
witkopkoe (Hunsegoër slag)
Winkler Prins 1910
BUFLA (aurochs, bisons or oxen: plur.) - 11
BUFLE (aurochs or bison: sing. and plur.) - 10,12
BUHL (bull) - 8
FJA (cattle) - 2,4,5,7
KV, KY (cow, cows) - 1,13,15,16
KVIK* (animals, cattle) - 3
(*there are 11 other fragments where KWIK means animals in general, and 1 where it means quick)
JOK.OXE (yoke-ox) - 9
OXA (oxes) - 14
SKET* (neat, cattle) - 6
(*SKÀT is used several times for treasure, riches)

fragments in the Oera Linda-book, with provisional translations

1 [003/02] Adela’s Advice
VRLOVANDE.RA KY MITH GOLDEN HORNA
and promised them mountains of gold [lit.: ‘cows with golden horns’ (expression)]

2 [003/24] Adela’s Advice
THÀNK ÍNES. THÉR WAS HÍR WÉSEN EN HÀRDE LVNG.SÍAKTE AMONG.ETH FJA
ÀND THÀT.ER THÉR JETA ÀRG WDE. 

SKOLDE J.ETH THÀN WEL WÁGJA
VMBE JVW HÉLENA FJA TO FARANDE AMONG HJARA SÍAKA FJA

ÀMMER NÀ.
Imagine if our cattle had been plagued by a serious lung disease,
which was still raging badly there. 

Would you then risk
mixing your healthy animals with their sick ones

Surely not!

3 [013/03] Frya’s Tex
HWAND ALDULKERA GÀRS SKOLDE JVW DJAROSTA KVIK DÉJA.
for such grass would kill your most precious cattle.

4 [021/10] General Laws
IS THÉR ÀNMAN ALSA ÀRG THAT.ER SJVCHT.SIAK FJA
JEFTHA VRDÉREN WÉR VRSELLATH VR HÉL GOD.

If any man is so bad that he sells diseased cattle
or damaged goods as sound,


5 [052/15] Magyars and Finns
HJA BOGADON VP VSA TÁL ÀND SÉDUM. VP VS FJA ÀND VPPA VS ÍSERE WÉPNE.
They praised our language and customs, our cattle and iron weapons,

6 [054/19] Wodin and the Magus
SÁ SKILUN THA WILDA SKET.HÀRDAR KÉMON ÀND VS ALGÁDUR VRDVA.
the wild herdsmen [lit.: cattle herds] will come and kill us off completely.

7 [064/30] The War of Kelta and Minerva
IVIN AS AL VS FJA THÀT LÀSTEN STURVEN IS.
just like all our cattle that died lately.

8 [068/15] Kelta and the Gols
LIK EN BUHL BY THÉRE NÔSE OMME LÉID.
led about like a bull with a ring in his nose.

 

9 [086/17] Death of the Magus
MEN THENE SKIPER EN ÀFTE FRYA.S ÀND STERIK LIK EN JOK.OXE
but the sailor, a true Frya, strong as an ox,


10 [094/15] Death of Adela
EN JUNGE SAXMÀN BIRÉD EN WILDE BUFLE THÉRER SELVA FENSEN HÉDE ÀND TÀMAD.
A young Saxman rode a wild aurochs that he had caught and tamed.

11 [107/10] Apollania’s Burg
TOJENST THA DIK BY.T HUS THÉR FÁM STÉT THJU OWNE
AND ÀND MOL.MÁK THRVCH FJUWER BUFLA KRODEN.
 
At the dyke near the burgmaiden's home are the oven
and a treadmill for making flour, worked by four oxen.


12 [112/10] Apollania’s Journey
HO FÉLO BUFLE HÀST AL FÀNSEN ÀND HO FÉLO BÁRA
ÀND WOLVA HUDA HÀST AL VPPA THÉRE MÀRK BROCHT.

How many aurochs have you caught and how many bear
and wolf skins have you brought to the market?


13 [117/14] Frethorik: Fryasland Swamped
FON.A BOPPA LÁNDUM KÁPADE MÀN KY ÀND SKÉP
 Cows and sheep were purchased in the upper lands

14 [134/27] Hellenia: Princes and Priests
LIK OXA WRDON HJA VNDER ET JUK BROCHT.
Like oxen they were brought under the yoke.

15 [160/26] Gosa: Purity of Language
THÉRTHRVCH MÉI THAT ÉNE FOLK THÀT ÔRE FOLK ÉVIN MIN FORSTÁN
AS THJU KV THENE HVND ÀND THI WOLF THÀT SKÉP.
 
so that one folk can understand another folk just as little
as the cow the dog, or the wolf the sheep. 


16 [166/20] Liudgeart: Pangab Report
THA GRÁTESTE KENNATH EN ÉLE KV VRSLYNNA. 
The largest can swallow a whole cow,

~ ~ ~ 

Some modern cognates

buffalo - English
buffel - Dutch
Büffel - German
bøffel - Danish
bœuf - French
bue - Italian
buey - Spanish
boi - Portuguese, Catalan
bòie - Corsican

bull - English
Bulle - German
bulle - French
bul - Dutch, Afrikaans
bulla - Swedish
bolle - Frisian
bolla - Italian
bullis - Latvian

ox - English
os - Dutch, Afrikaans
Ochse - German
oxe - Swedish
okse - Norse, Danish, Frisian
uxa - Icelandic
och - Welsh

Vieh - German
vee - Dutch
fee - Frisian

cow - English
Kuh - German
koe - Dutch
koei - Afrikaans
ko - Danish, Swedish, Frisian
ku - Norse
kýr - Icelandic

14 January 2018

WÉRHÉD ~ truth

'Truth coming from the well armed
with her whip to chastise mankind'
by Jean-Léon Gérôme (1896)
Wahrheit - German
waarheid - Dutch, Afrikaans
wierheid - Frisian
Wourecht - Luxembourgian
gwirionedd - Welsh
vérité - French
verità - Italian, Corsican
veritat - Catalan
verdad - Spanish
verdade - Portuguese
(veritas - Latin)

(The Scandinavian words for 'truth' are related to English: sound, German: gesund, Dutch: gezond)
sandhed - Danish
sannhet - Norse
sanning - Swedish
sannleikur - Icelandic

Oera Linda fragments with my provisional translations:

[118/20] Gosa: Expulsion of Blacks
NW WINSTIK WEL THÀT MINA ÀFTERKVMANDA THÉRVP LETTA.
HO FÉR GOSA WÉRHÉD SPREK.

I hope my descendants will ascertain
to what extent Gosa was right
[lit.: spoke truth].

[140/18] Yesus or Buda, Krisen, Fo
MEN AS THA PRESTERA SKILUN WÁNA
THÀT HJA ALLET LJUCHT FON FRYA ÀND FON JES.US LÉRE UTDÁVATH HÀVA.
SÁ SKILUN THÉR IN ALLE WRDA MÀNNISKA VPSTONDA
THAM WÉRHÉD IN STILNISE AMONG EKKORUM WARATH
ÀND TOFÁRA THA PRESTERA FORBORGEN HÀVE.
THISSA SKILUN WÉSA UT FORSTA BLOD. FON PRESTERUM BLOD
FON SLÁVONUM BLOD ÀND FON FRYA.S BLOD.
THAM SKILUM HJARA FODDIKUM ÀND THÀT LJUCHT BUTA BRINGA
SÁ THAT ALLERA MÀNNALIK WÉRHÉD MÉI SJAN.
HJA SKILUN WÉ HROPA OVERA DÉDA THÉRA PRESTERA ÀND FORSTA.
THA FORSTA THÉR WÉRHÉD MINNA ÀND RJUCHT
THAM SKILUN FON THA PRESTERA WIKA.

When the priests will imagine, however,
that they have entirely extinguished the light of Frya and of Yesus' teachings,
people will rise in all regions,
who have silently treasured truth among each other,
hiding it from the priests.
They will be of royal blood, of priestly blood,
of slaves' blood and of Frya's blood.
They will bring their lamps and the light into the open,
so that everyone may see truth.
They will condemn the deeds of the priests and princes.
The princes who love truth and justice
will separate themselves from the priests.


(the above fragment in the original manuscript:)

 ~ ~ ~

The word TRVTH is also used once:

[101/09] Primal Teachings 2
SEND THÉR SVME THAM HJARA RENKA FRODA ÀNDET BÁR MAKJA
ALSA WRDON HJA THRVCH HJARA RAKKERA FÀT ÀND VMBIRA LASTER VRBARNAD
ELLA MITH FÉLO STÁTSKA PLÉGUM HJARA FALXA DROCHTNE TO.N ÉRE.
MEN IN TRVTH. ALLÉNA THÉRVMBE THÀT HJA.RA NAVT SKÁDA NE SKOLDE.

If there are any who see through their vile tricks and try to expose them,
these are caught by their henchmen and burnt for their defamation —
always with solemn ceremonies, in honour of their false divinities —
but in truth, it is only to protect the priesthood.